© September 2016, By Prashant Shah, http://spiritual-living.in
Antibiotics are the backbone of modern medicine. Nearly any infection can be cleared by them. However, today they are being used to clear up every mild bacterial infection that arises; and people even try it where there is a viral infection (where the antibiotic has no role). Whereas the antibiotics are life saving drugs particularly in the latter stage of infection, their indiscriminate use to treat every mild illness has reduced their future effectiveness. The newer bacteria that arise are becoming drug resistant, and so the antibiotic will not do its job in the future when it is most required. In addition, the antibiotics are like double edged swords; they come along with some dangerous long-term side-effects like allergies, organ damage; loss of ‘good bacteria’; and thereafter the growth of drug resistant bacteria that do not serve useful purposes in the body.
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- The Crisis of Antibiotic Resistance
- Chemical Warfare against Our Friends
- The Role of Bacteria in Disease
- Antibiotic Over-prescription: The Modern Mistake
- Antibiotic Toxicity
- Organ Damage
- The Need for a Change
- Antibiotics in the Food Chain
- Bacterial Mutations and Antibiotic Resistance
- An Estimate
- What You Can Do to Protect Your Health
The Crisis of Antibiotic Resistance
At present there is an emerging crisis of antibiotic resistance to microbial pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Streptococcus pneumonia, Mycobacterium tuberculosis; and great increases in multiple drug–resistant gram-negative bacilli. Infections caused by such antibiotic-resistant microbes are having an impact on clinicians that practice in every field of medicine. The effect is so large and wide that it is becoming a threat to all the institutes of public health.
Since the discovery of the first antibiotics in the late 1930s and early 1940s, these ‘wonder drugs’ have been used extensively in both hospital and outpatient care. They have been incredibly effective in controlling and even destroying pathogenic bacteria. This has led to their widespread acceptance and use. It gave rise to the rule: “In case of infection, the obvious treatment is to give an antibiotic.”
The infections that in earlier times would have caused great suffering or death were now being easily controlled and cured by antibiotics. That the antibiotics are very effective is undisputed. However, what is disputed is how safe is their indiscriminate or frequent use. Here we show the other side of antibiotic effect. These drugs are capable of doing both great good, and everyone knows that. What they don’t know is the harm that arises from using them often.
In the books on biology the earth is described as a bug’s world. Billions of different species of bacteria, fungi, virus, protozoa, and others inhabit every area on earth’s surface, from Polar Regions to active volcanoes, from the land to air and oceans. They were here prior to the entry of the animal and human species, and will doubtless be here long after we’ve gone. Every one of us is carrying thousands of bugs of many kinds. Golden staph, Streptococcus, Meningococcus, Pneumoniae, Tuberculosis, E. coli, and others are present in us most of the time.
These bugs play very important roles in nature. They are nature’s agents that act as in our ecosphere – constantly recycling decaying matter, scavenging, and generally keeping the planet sufficiently health to maintain life. They know how to cultivate organically; they know what to do to maintain their own future; and they’ve been doing it since the dawn of biological life.
These microscopic bugs perform the same sort of duties within the human body and around it; and without them, it must be admitted, we would die. Our bowels house a lot of these microscopic bacteria, collectively called ‘flora.’ In a healthy colon, there are billions of them and we can identify more than 400 different species. The best known are Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum.
In the healthy gut, these bugs are all friendly. They are meant to be there. Each one of them has its place within our ecosystem: some live in the mucous lining, some on the right side, some on the left, others in the middle, some at one end. They communicate with us when there are imbalances, and they play important roles in digestion and nutrition. For example, they help in the synthesis of valuable nutrients, such as vitamin B5 and K; in production of valuable acids that actually nourish the enthral mucosa; etc.
These floras also play a vital role in the functioning of our immune system. They produce natural antibiotics that keep out unwanted microorganisms. In a healthy intestinal environment, our gut flora can deal effectively with intruders like parasites and worms. They are involved in detoxification and perform a host of other beneficial activities. They are known to even produce anticancer substances.
The practice of treating infection using antibiotics (and vaccines) is based on the idea that these micro-organisms or bugs cause disease. The commonly held GERM THEORY, promoted by followers of Louis Pasteur, a nineteenth-century microbiologist, holds that these bugs that get into our system actually cause disease in our bodies. It gave rise to the rule that if we can stop these bugs getting in or kill them as soon as they enter we can essentially win the war against diseases.
Pierre Bechamp, Pasteur’s contemporary, held that the bugs are not themselves the cause of disease, but their invasion is more the effect of a ‘disease state’. That is, they act in the same way within us as they do outside us, recycling and scavenging. Bechamp’s idea was that if the human (animal) organism is maintained in reasonable health, then imbalances of bugs will not occur, and correspondingly disease will not arise. A healthy body, therefore, is able to maintain good health despite the bugs; and we may be well because due to the presence of these bugs!
Naturopathy favours the Bechampian model. It holds that natural intelligence (which is superior to the rational human intelligence) has created the body with mechanisms that maintain healthy balances (homeostasis) and, provided that we live in harmony with our natural environment, optimal health will be the natural result. This is exactly what we see in the animal, plant, and, insect world; where there is balance and interdependence between the species. And keeping this in mind it can be argued that to the extent the environment has been polluted by human beings, imbalances have occurred, which have in turn brought about increased stress, trauma, and disease to the whole of human life.
Chemical Warfare against Our Friends
The toxomolecular approach is developed on the Pasteurian model. It opposes the presupposition that there is an inherent balance within and among living beings, and suggests the natural intelligence got it wrong! Hence, they consider these bugs as enemies that ought to be destroyed by all means possible. This thinking gave rise to the discovery of chemical and antibiotic intervention. The dogma became: “Kill those bugs to get back to health!”
However, the fact is that even when people come into contact with a contagious germ, most of them do not become infected; and even among those who do become infected, most do not get sick. Even the most dreaded polio virus produces no symptoms whatsoever in over 90 percent of people who contact it! The notorious meningococcal bacterium, which is involved in the death of some people every year, is actually present in about 25 percent of the human population. It is therefore a fact that most “killer bugs” are present in healthy human population without producing any symptoms of disease. This is something that just couldn’t happen if the Pasteur germ theory was correct!
The Role of Bacteria in Disease
Before exploring the fascinating and complex role of antibiotics as both saviours and killers, let us first understand the ROLE of bacteria in disease:
When a person who is susceptible is exposed to pathogenic bacteria, (which has the capacity to cause a disease) what happens? These bacteria multiply rapidly and cause local or systemic damage. The body’s reaction to these intruders is to initiate a series of complicated defence measures. The result of interaction between the pathogenic bacteria and the body’s defences is termed as INFECTION. This outcome is determined by several factors like the vitality of the individual’s immune response and the strength and numbers of the pathogenic bacteria. Human immune vitality is affected by various factors like hereditary, environment, stress, activity level, diet, nutrition, mental attitude, etc.
It is important to recognize that the association of bacteria with human tissue does not necessarily constitute an infection. Hence, it is not a pressing indication for eradication of the organisms! Even the so-called ‘pathogenic bacteria’ are commonly found to ‘colonize’ the body’s skin and mucous membranes without causing the least harm to the host. If you take throat swabs of healthy, symptom-free individuals, for example, it will not be surprising to find the presence of Beta Hemolytic, Streptococcus organisms, Meningococcus, and other pathogenic bacteria. However, according to the current medical procedure this finding indicates an immediate need for antibiotic therapy to prevent serious consequences!
From the point of view of holistic treatment, the central problem of modern medicine (the drug therapy and surgical intervention) in disease is that they generally deal with the END of the disease spectrum and concentrate only on its localised manifestation. But most of the disease processes arise in the early stages as mere functional disorders. The modern medical science chooses to ignore the causes and uses drugs to merely suppress the symptoms of the acute diseases. In this way they allow the disease to develop and they assume that their task is to only suppress the symptoms! Ultimately the structures or organs start to break down and then they will demonstrate the wonders of surgery.
Antibiotic Over-prescription: The Modern Mistake
Antibiotics are the most commonly prescribed drugs in the history of medicine, but today nearly 50% of those are prescribed to people in ailments where they are not really needed. Why does that happen? Many GPs say they lack the time to deal with persistent patients; and they fear complaints if they did not prescribe antibiotics to show immediate results.
It must be admitted that antibiotics are prescribed as a routine, without properly evaluating whether they are necessary or safe to use. In most instances of active infection (where there is actual invasion by bacteria and the destruction of tissue) antibiotics are prescribed on purely clinical grounds, without taking recourse to bacteriological evidence. On most occasions the infections are trivial and self-limiting, and sometimes there are viral infections, where antibiotics have no direct action. This is a misuse, but it would matter little if these antibiotics are free of toxicity! Unfortunately these antibiotics are known to cause severe allergic reactions and complications and the original disease may seem to be minor in comparison.
Antibiotics are not tonics or free of toxicity! Antibiotics are extremely useful as life-saving drugs, but they also have very toxic side-effects. Hence they should be reserved for use only as the last resort; for cases where no other therapy exists and the life of the organ or patient is in danger. This is not how antibiotics are commonly used today. So we illustrate some of reactions and complications that arise from the indiscriminate use of antibiotics from the medical journals.
By far the most obvious and severe reaction to antibiotic use is immediate anaphylactic shock. Anaphylaxis and anaphylactic reactions are abrupt and often life-threatening episodes. It gives rise to upper airway obstruction and circulatory collapse, which can cause of death. And the number of agents that are known to trigger the anaphylactic shock is continuously expanding. The acute allergic reactions that commonly follows penicillin and iodinated contrast materials are well known. They compared to the effect of severe bee and wasp stings!
Allergy and hypersensitivity to penicillin and streptomycin is publicly known, whereas the effect of over-the-counter topical ointments containing neomycin and other antibiotics is equally common, but not so well known. Further, the frequent use of such antibiotics makes the person hypersensitive to other antibiotics. It increases their risk of having allergic reactions in future. The skin is particularly sensitive to antibiotics and often gives allergic reactions. Some of these reactions like the ampicillin rash subside within a few days, whereas some others are very troublesome and last a long time.
Contact dermatitis often follows the use of antibiotic eye-drops and eye ointments, especially with neomycin. In patients with chronic inflammatory ear disease, allergic patch testing has demonstrated that 35 percent were due to antibiotic medication! Systemic contact dermatitis, termed as “baboon syndrome,” can occur, causing diffuse skin redness and inflammation covering the entire buttocks, upper inner thighs, and armpits. Various allergy tests performed on patients suffering from chronic recurrent urticaria showed positive reactions to antibiotics. Photo-toxicity is a well-recognized occurrence with tetracycline. It causes skin fragility, denudation, and blisters when exposed to the sun; and the skin can remain fragile for seven months thereafter! A far more serious skin reaction to antibiotics is toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell’s Syndrome), in which 25 to 100 percent of the skin is covered with fluid-filled lesions. Death occurs in some cases.
Finally, there is penicillin-induced generalized post-inflammatory elastolysis. The following report describes this severe and fatal reaction: “A 13 year old boy received penicillin for influenza and otitis. Within days of taking this medication, he developed recurrent edema of the face and a generalized urticarial eruption that waxed and waned. The salient and unusual features of this person’s disease were: (a) a senile appearance of his face with flaccid folds and sagging of the skin. (b) Dermatitis herpetiformis–like cutaneous lesions and (c) Gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Elastolysis increased in time and led to further deterioration of the patients’ physical appearance. Six years later, the patient developed internal manifestations and died.”
The ears are particularly sensitive to damage by medications. Today, the number of potentially ototoxic (toxic to the ear) substances is high, but the most important class is the aminoglycoside antibiotics, such as neomycin. The prevalence and severity of hearing impairment caused by these drugs is surprisingly high. Not only the spiral organ, but the vestibulocochlear nerve and the higher auditory pathways are also affected by these antibiotics. In some cases, hearing cannot be corrected even with a hearing aid. In some cases the aminoglycoside antibiotics in eardrops cause hearing loss. Regardless of the route of administration, these antibiotics pose a special hazard to the inner ear.
Two most common side effects of antibiotic use are diarrhoea and colitis. Arthritis can develop from cases of antibiotic-induced colitis. Ulceration and mucosal damage can be caused by antibiotics elsewhere in the gastrointestinal tract. Often ulcers are found to occur in the esophagus after suing oral antibiotics. Antibiotics can totally alter the normal bacterial flora in the intestines, leading to mal-absorption of nutrients. The antibiotics also damage the flora’s ability to produce vitamins, thereby causing deficiencies.
Pseudo-membraneous colitis, a possibly lethal form of infective colitis, is reported to occurs in case of many antibiotics. Further, once this condition develops, it is impossible to reverse it and the only remedy is to surgically remove a portion of the colon. This often happens in adults who have frequently used ampicillin, penicillin, clindamycin, erythromycin, and septrin.
The occurrence of suprainfection is attributed to suppression of the body’s natural flora. This flora normally provides natural protection against the unlimited multiplication of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms like yeasts. The administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics, especially by mouth, can result in suprainfection with candida and other yeast, filamentous fungi, coliform organisms, proteus or pseudomonas species. These organisms can then colonize and damage many sites throughout the body. In some cases it even causes death.
The most recognized and researched form of suprainfection involves (the previously discussed) pseudo-membraneous colitis. This condition is now known to be due to suprainfection by Clostridium difficile, which produces an enterotoxin that can cause death. The antibiotic treatment creates a susceptibility to this infection by presumably altering the normal ‘barrier function’ of the colonic microflora.
Another form of suprainfection that has gained medical recognition is the overgrowth, locally and systemically, of Candida albicans after using antibiotics is. Some forms of this candida overgrowth are relatively benign, such as the common yeast infection many women have come to almost expect, following a course of antibiotics. These yeast infections are fairly easy to treat in most cases, but some women develop chronic or recurrent cases that are life threatening. The most publicized of these infections involves the gastrointestinal tract. Candida has been known to colonize the mouth, esophagus, small intestine, large intestine, and anal region. Cases have been reported in which tracheal obstruction and death was caused by a candida fungus ball after the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics.
When candida colonizes and invades the mucous membranes of the small intestines, increases the permeability of the wall. As a result relatively large undigested protein molecules are allowed to pass directly into the bloodstream. There they can act as antigenic material, and initiate an immune allergy response (Leaky Gut Syndrome). This can lead to allergic manifestations involving any target tissue or organ; and it may be responsible for a wide range of local and systemic pathology. In many cases this leakage of ‘large food-source protein’ molecules is the cause of food allergies!
There is evidence to suggest that under certain conditions the candida mutates, losing adhesion to the cell walls to enter into the bloodstream. This creates great difficulty in therapy since nystatin, the most frequently used antifungal medication, is not absorbed into the blood; it remains only in the gastrointestinal tract. The disseminated candidasis has been known to cause death due to multi-organ involvement. In a study of fatal cases of systemic candidiasis, in most of the patients more than one organ was affected. The major organs involved (starting in order of highest frequency) are the lungs, spleen, kidneys, liver, heart, and brain.
The kidneys are highly susceptible to damage by drugs; and antibiotics are the most commonly implicated drugs in clinical reports of ‘drug-induced nephro-toxicity’. Aminoglycoside antibiotics continue to be a mainstay of therapy in the clinical management of gram negative infections, but a major factor in the clinical use of aminoglycosides (ampicillin and others) is their nephro-toxicity! In most hospital-acquired infections, the occurrence of aminoglycoside-induced renal failure is commonplace. Presently at least 10 percent of all cases of acute renal failure can be attributed to these antibiotics. Other classes of antibiotics, including penicillin and sulphonamides, also cause kidney damage.
The clinical manifestations attributed to these antibiotics include natural or spontaneous renal failure, renal colic, selective tubular defects, acute nephritic syndrome, hematuria, and obstructive nephropathy. In the case of severe renal failure, dialysis becomes necessary. The precise manner in which antibiotics damage kidney tissue is not completely understood, but virtually all antibiotics are excreted in part by the kidneys. It is suggested that antibiotics either alter the permeability of the plasma membrane or interfere with cellular energy derived from mitochondria. Enzyme systems active in the kidney are also capable of activating the drugs which are concentrated as ‘reactive toxins’ by the kidneys. Drug-induced immunologic damage may occur due to drug accumulation. Some antibiotics have been known to cause kidney damage by inducing the life-threatening autoimmune proteins of lupus (SLE).
The liver, which detoxifies and removes drugs from the circulation via bile, can also be damaged by antibiotics. Chemically induced liver injury from antibiotic use has caused cholestatic jaundice, hepatitis, and fatty infiltration of the liver.
Acute pancreatitis can also be caused by antibiotic use. Oxytetracydine and tetracycline can depress amylase and lipase activity. The impairment of digestive enzyme synthesis may cause a mal-absorption syndrome, which can take months to normalise.
The immune system has been damaged in several ways by various classes of antibiotics. Lupus, mentioned earlier, is only one of the immune malfunctions caused by antibiotics. Penicillin and tetracycline-induced hemolytic anemia, caused by the rapid destruction of red blood cells, happens many times. Similarly, another immune response causes damage to or destruction of blood platelets. It gives rise to abnormal bleeding, haemorrhages, and an increased risk of thromboembolism. There is also the report of neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia, as well as reduced phagocytosis by the cells of the reticuloendothelial system. It appears that penicillin and many other antibiotics reduce the effectiveness of the immune system and thus predispose the patient to further infection.
Commonly used antibiotics can also cause various central nervous system toxicities like seizure disorders, encephalopathy, bulging fontanelles, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. The abnormalities have been associated with the use of penicillins, cephalosporins, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, colistin, aminoglycosides, metronidazole, isoniazid, rifampin, ethionamide, cycloserine, and dapsone. Cranial nerve toxicities, such as myopia, optic neuritis, deafness, vertigo, and tinnitus, have been associated with the use of erythromycin, sulfonamides, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, colistin, aminoglycosides, vancomycin, isoniazid, and ethambutol.
Permanent peripheral nerve symptoms, such as parasthesias, motor weakness, and sensory impairment, have been associated with the use of penicillins, sulfonamides, chloramphenicol, colistin, metronidazole, isoniazid, ethionamide, and dapsone. Various antibiotics have also been shown to cause multifocal myodonus, encephalopathy, seizures, and coma. These conditions are, in some cases, resistant to all treatments and sometimes result in death.
Another fatal complication of antibiotic use is acute bone marrow failure and aplastic anemia. This fatal condition has been caused by tetracycline, chloramphenicol, ampicillin, oxecillin, thiamphenicol and penicillin.
Antibiotics also affect the heart and circulatory system. Cardiac toxicities due to antibiotics may cause drug-induced myocarditis and myocardial infarction (heart attack).
Injection of antibiotics also carry a serious danger. Intravenous infusions of some antibiotics have been shown to cause phlebitis after two days on therapy. The unintentional injection of an antibiotic into an artery, which may occur on occasion during a routine intramuscular injection, can have disastrous effects. Vascular-occlusion gangrene has been reported several times!
Oral antibiotics have also caused similar reactions, as the following case report illustrates: a nodular exanthema of the skin was observed in an eight-year-old girl. She had been treated with penicillin a few days earlier for a gastrointestinal infection. Continuation of penicillin treatment led to occlusion of larger arteries and gangrene of the forefoot. Generalized vasculitis with multisystem involvement also occurs, with possibly fatal results.
The Need for a Change
Although we have only discussed some of the many toxic effects of antibiotics, it clearly shows the need to be conservative in using them. And it is interesting to note that many health complaints that routinely receive antibiotic therapy can be easily treated with simple, safe, and effective nontoxic approaches.
For example, consider a case of acne. This condition is very satisfactorily treated by holistic therapies along with some dietary and lifestyle changes. Yet most allopathic (modern) physicians will treat it with oral antibiotics! This might be acceptable if they were particularly effective and had no side effects, but the antibiotic class most frequently prescribed, are the tetracyclines and minocycline. We have discussed the usual side-effects of tetracyclines, the minocycline have been found to cause black pigmentation of the thyroid, sclera, bones, teeth, skin, and nails. The tetracyclines can cause permanent staining of the teeth. Recently, topical antibiotics have come into vogue for the treatment of acne. These antibiotic lotions are certainly less toxic and avoid the possibility of adverse affects of systemic therapy, but they still do not address the underlying cause of the condition. They only treat or suppress its most obvious symptom. Bacteria do not cause acne (which every dermatologist must be made to admit), so any therapy aimed at killing bacteria will not remove the cause and hence it cannot eradicate the condition. All it can do is give some temporary relief.
Acute otitis media is another condition which is treated with antibiotic therapy. The great bulk of these conditions are serous or secretary otitis – which is a nonbacterial condition, in which antibiotics have no effect. Often the reverse happens – the antibiotics cause the inflammation to linger! In every case, the early use of antibiotic therapy can interfere with the development of local immunity. So when the symptoms are merely suppressed, they will RECUR.
Bacterial otitis media does occur, but is the result of eustachian tube dysfunction. It is a catarrhal condition that arises due to improper diet or allergy. Bacteria can then proliferate within the stagnant serous fluid in the middle ear and cause typical acute symptoms of earache and fever. It is always easier to prevent this condition or reverse it in early stages. Even at the end-stage of the disorder with infection, antibiotic will not be required if the patient uses the holistic therapy.
For many years a large number of doctors have routinely prescribed antibiotics for upper respiratory infections. Antibiotic therapy has been shown to be of no value in the treatment of these infections, either in shortening the course of the acute illness or in preventing the development of secondary bacterial infections. Yet the doctors routinely prescribe tetracycline, erythromycin, and ampicillin. The indiscriminate use of antibiotic therapy cannot be a substitute for proper diagnostic evaluation of whether the patient has bacterial or the more likely a viral infection.
Antibiotics in the Food Chain
Antibiotic exposure is a regular feature in the current farming and animal husbandry practices. They use antibiotics to treat infections, to accelerate the growth of young livestock, etc. Here also it gives rise to antibiotic resistanan pathogenic organisms. After a short period of time the animals that receive antibiotics show a great deal of antibiotic-resistant strains in the intestinal flora, including pathogenic strains. The resistant bacteria enter the environment through the animals’ excretions, where they are now causing biological problems for water creatures and they can also affect humans. The resistant bacteria is often passed on through foods of animal origin like meat, milk, and eggs.
Bacterial Mutations and Antibiotic Resistance
A major internal and external ecological issue has arisen due to the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. It happens to the extent that antibiotics are used. Resistance may develop by selection of resistant strains, which may develop by random mutation. Further, organisms resistant to one antibiotic may become resistant to another, called cross-resistance. Bacteria often have complete cross-resistance to structurally related antibiotics. Resistance may be acquired by the transfer of genetic material from one organism to another. It also appears to occur outside the body, probably in sewage and contaminated surface water.
There is a case where a mutated enterococcal bacterium (VRE) has emerged. It is resistant to all pharmaceutical antibiotics! Normally, enterococci reside quite happily inside the gut and female genital tract, where they cause no problems. In diseased people (often in hospitals), enterococci can become opportunistic and cause heart valve or urinary tract infections. This bug actually thrives around antibiotics. The real potential for damage, however, is in the ability of bugs to so easily transmit genetic information to other bugs. Vancomycin resistance, for instance, may spread from enterococci to other bacteria, such as golden staph. And that would be disastrous.
At present, the bugs have survived in this war (a war they never wanted) extremely well; they are mutating in ways we never thought were possible, and at rates which have alarmed the scientists. The overuse of antibiotics, both medically and in meat and dairy production, has led to bugs mutating to the point where they can even threaten the existence of healthy people. This can lead to a situation that humanity has never seen before. Until now, if people died from infections, it was generally because of poor health in the patient, poor choice of treatment, or both. But now the situation is changing. If it continues, and if we keep trying to destroy the bugs by chemical warfare rather than letting our bodies keep them in balance, we may see many fatalities before the bug war is over. This possibility of a superbug arising has even been discussed by the World Health Organization.
The adverse effects of antibiotics call for a re-evaluation of their present widespread and often indiscriminate use for humans and animals. Unless the allopathic medicine decides to look at the infectious diseases differently they will never try to attend to the causes or develop alternatives. They may even set the stage for a large-scale epidemic of antibiotic-resistant diseases.
It is important to understand that the only truly effective antibiotic is to develop a healthy and strong immune system; and until we begin to direct our therapeutic efforts toward strengthening the body and not to killing the germ, infectious disease will continue to remain a threat to humanity.
What You Can Do to Protect Your Health
- Avoid using antibiotic treatment unless it is a life-threatening situation. It will be better to overcome an infection by holistic means. It will develop your immunity and make you stronger and less dependent on treatment
- Avoid consuming meats and dairy products unless you know they are got from a genuine organic source.
- If have taken antibiotics then you should flush your gut with probiotics immediately thereafter. Curd or Yogurt is not enough. Then every six months, take a course of probiotics as a precaution. Buy only refrigerated probiotics and that too from a reliable source.